The adrenal glands are commonly studied in the context of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis because these glands collectively produce hormones that affect each other, and regulate a variety of physiological processes. Indeed, the adrenal glands can release four types of hormones in response to physiological stimuli: glucocorticoids, mineralocorticoids, cathecholamines, and adrenal androgens.

This chapter presents available data on the epidemiology, cost burden, key trends on diagnosis and treatment, and health outcomes of adrenal insufficiency, Cushing's Disease, and Cushing's Syndrome.

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Adrenal at a Glance

EFF Adrenal Infographic

Suggested citation:  Endocrine Facts and Figures: Adrenal. First Edition. 2016.

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Watch an exclusive video interview with Dr. Bill Young, MD, where he gives an overview of the Adrenal Chapter.


Bill Young, MD